6 Causes of Abnormal Menstrual Cycle, Prevent and Overcome Them | NBCNEWS

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menstrual cycle


Have you ever experienced an abnormal menstrual cycle, such as menstruation that appears in the form of spotting or comes in excessive amounts? Or, menstruation lasts in a short span of time, or vice versa lasts a very long time?

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Your menstrual cycle can tell you a lot about your health. By paying attention to it, you will know whether or not your period is normal.

What is the menstrual cycle?

The menstrual cycle is a series of changes in a woman’s body that occur in one month in preparation for the possibility of pregnancy. Every month, the uterus releases an egg – this process is called ovulation.

At the same time, hormonal changes occur in the uterus to prepare for pregnancy. If at the time of ovulation, fertilization does not occur in the egg cell from the sperm cell, then the uterine wall will decay and exit through the vagina. That is called the period (period) menstruation.

What does a normal menstrual cycle look like?

The menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of one menstrual period to the first day of the next menstrual period, and is not the same for every woman.

This cycle can occur every 21-35 days and menstruation can stop in 2 to 7 days.

In the first years of the start of menstruation, the menstrual cycle is usually long. However, cycles tend to shorten and become more regular with age.

Your menstrual cycles can be regular – at about the same time each month – or they may be irregular.

Menstruation can be light or heavy, painful or not, long or short. But everything can still be considered normal. In a broad sense, “normal” is what is normal for you.

Mothers, the use of certain types of contraception, such as birth control pills, can change the menstrual cycle. If you experience it, it’s a good idea to consult a doctor to deal with this problem.

How to observe the menstrual cycle?

menstrual cycle

To find out what’s normal for you, start recording your menstrual cycle on a calendar or with the help of the calendar app on your smartphone.

Start by recording the start date of each menstrual period for several months in a row to identify the regularity of your periods.

The following list of items may help you

1. Date of end of menstruation

How long does your period usually last? Is it longer or faster than usual?

2. Menstrual flow

Record the amount of your menstrual flow. Is it lighter or heavier than usual? How often should you change pads?

3. Abnormal bleeding

Do you bleed between periods?

4. Pain

Describe the pain you feel related to your period. Is the pain worse than usual?

menstrual cycle

5. Other changes

Do you experience mood swings (mood) or behavior? Has anything new happened around the time your periods change?

Causes of menstrual cycle irregularities

1. Pregnancy or breastfeeding

Delayed or missing menstrual periods can be an early sign of a pregnancy. Breastfeeding generally delays the onset of menstruation after pregnancy.

2. Eating irregularly

Extreme weight loss or excessive exercise, irregular eating, disorders such as anorexia nervosa, can interfere with the smoothness of the menstrual cycle.

3. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

This common hormonal system irregularity can cause small cysts to develop on the ovaries as well as menstrual irregularities.

4. Premature ovarian failure

Premature ovarian failure is the loss of normal ovarian function before the age of 40. Women who experience this can experience irregular or infrequent menstrual periods for years.

5. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

This infection of the reproductive organs can cause unusual menstrual bleeding.

6. Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are tissue developments in the uterus and are not cancer. This condition can cause heavy menstrual periods and bleeding between periods.

What can be done to prevent menstrual cycle irregularities?

Mother, in some women, the use of birth control pills can help regulate the menstrual cycle to run normally. However, in some other women, menstrual irregularities cannot be prevented.

So when should you go to the doctor?

menstrual cycle

You should see a doctor if any of the following occur:

  • If your menstrual period suddenly stops for more than 90 days, and you are not pregnant.
  • If your menstrual period becomes erratic even though it is usually regular.
  • If you have bleeding for more than seven days.
  • Your bleeding is heavier than usual or through the pads more than once every hour or two.
  • If your menstrual period is less than 21 days or more than 35 days.
  • If you experience bleeding between regular menstrual periods.
  • Experiencing severe pain during menstrual periods.
  • Have a fever and feel sick after using pads.

Mothers remember, noting and observing the cycle can help find something wrong in your body. And if you find it, immediately consult your doctor.

Reference: mayoclinic

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