Definition of Passive Sentences with Examples of Its Use in Indonesian | NBCNEWS

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Definition of Passive Sentences with Examples of Its Use in Indonesian

Before we discuss what is meant by passive sentences, we will first discuss what is meant by sentences.

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According to the book Formation of Words in Indonesian (Kridalaksana: 1991), a sentence is a relatively independent idea that is equipped with a final intonation and consists of several clauses.

Meanwhile, according to the KBBI, a sentence is a unity of words that expresses a concept of thoughts and feelings.

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Passive Sentences, Definitions, Types, and Examples


Simply put, the passive voice is the opposite of the active voice. So it can also be called an inactive sentence. The meaning is a sentence whose subject is after the predicate, or a sentence whose subject is subject to an action or activity.

The activity carried out by the subject in this sentence comes from the relationship between the verb and the subject.

Characteristic features

Inactive sentences can be made from active sentences, where the subject is changed to an object and the type of predicate is changed. This is all about word-playing ‘games’.

Its characteristics are as follows:

1. Usually preceded by the prefix ter- or di-.
2. The subject is a patient.
3. The predicate has the affix di-, ter-, or ter-kan.
4. The predicate is in the form of a persona (personal pronoun, followed by a verb that has lost its prefix).

Types of Inactive Sentences

Definition of Passive Sentences with Examples of Its Use in Indonesian

This inactive sentence is divided into two types, the following is a full explanation.

1. Transitive Passive Sentence

This sentence has the characteristic that it has an object.

Therefore, this type of sentence has a pattern of OPS (Object-Predicate-Subject) or OPSK (Object-Predicate-Subject-Description).


  • Guava thrown Tono.
  • Goldfish cooked Mrs. Susie.
  • Chicken hit Udin.
  • Novel be read Andy in the room.
  • Clean clothes have ironed Mother.
  • The exhibition will opened by the Regent.
  • The book is already I bought it.
  • They are working on the questions.
  • We have to rewrite this paper.
  • Mr. Lurah requested responsibility by Mr. Camat.
  • Ali was shocked to hear about the death of his friend.
  • That black orchid stepped on the Anita.
  • Fish eaten cat.
  • Fahrizal kickedg Harris.

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2. Intransitive Passive Sentence

Definition of Passive Sentences with Examples of Its Use in Languages

Intransitive passive sentences do not have an object, so the sentence pattern is SP (Subject-Predicate) or SPK (Subject-Predicate-Description).

And this sentence is still further divided into two. The first is a passive action sentence, which is a sentence with a predicate in the form of an action or activity.

The second is a state passive sentence, namely a sentence with a predicate which is the state of the subject in the sentence. Usually, predicates used in passive sentences have the suffix–.


  • Book bought.
  • The car is being washed.
  • The car was hit yesterday.
  • Budi was thrown into the river.
  • The tree was cut down yesterday afternoon.
  • The chicken is fried.
  • Prizes are awarded to the winners.
  • My sister is hungry because she hasn’t had breakfast.

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Why is it Important to Learn about Word Arrangement and Sentence Types?

Definition of Passive Sentences with Examples of Its Use in Languages

Lessons about passive and active sentences are always present in the language curriculum at school. Of course, this includes linguistic insights that are useful for writing activities and expressing ideas in the form of letters.

Some of the benefits of learning sentence structure include:

– Knowing the rules of language and writing.

– Knowing the correct order of words, phrases and sentences to use in different situations, including the level of politeness.

– If the child wants to be a writer, it is necessary to master the use of words and sentences.

– Writing skills will always be related to sentence structure. These skills will be very useful for children, especially if they become academics who are often involved in writing activities.

– Understanding active and passive sentences is also a capital to be more creative in playing words and diction in sentences. This is one of them intended so that the words that are arranged are not monotonous and easy to read.

That’s the discussion about the passive voice. I hope this helps Parents in assisting children in language learning.

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