Causes and How to Treat Sore Throat

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Penyebab dan Cara Mengobati Radang Tenggorokan


Sore throat or pharyngitis is inflammation of the back of the throat called the pharynx. This disease can also cause an itchy throat and difficulty swallowing food.

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Sore throat can be caused by a bacterial or viral infection. This disease is among the most common, but very disturbing. So, you need to know the treatment and causes of sore throat.

Also read: Duh, what causes sore throat in your little one?

Sore Throat Causes

There are many viruses and bacteria that can cause sore throat. Some of them include:

  • Measles
  • Adenovirus (one of the causes of cough and cold)
  • Chicken pox
  • Whooping cough
  • Group A streptococci

Viruses are the most common cause of sore throat. Strep throat is generally caused by a viral infection such as a cold, flu, or mononucleosis. Viral infections cannot be cured with antibiotics, and treatment is usually done only to relieve symptoms.

Bacterial infections are a less common cause of strep throat. If it is caused by bacteria, then strep throat needs to be cured with antibiotics. The most common bacterial infection that causes strep throat is streptococcus A. Meanwhile, other bacterial infections that are less likely to cause strep throat are gonorrhea, chlamydia, and corynebacterium.

Getting the flu too often will also increase your risk of developing strep throat. Being second-hand smoke can also increase the risk of strep throat.

What are the Symptoms of Sore Throat?

The incubation period usually lasts about 2-5 days. Symptoms of strep throat vary, depending on the cause. In addition to causing a sore, dry, itchy throat, other symptoms of strep throat include:

  • Sneeze
  • Flu
  • Dizzy
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Body pain
  • Fever

If the cause of your sore throat is viral mononucleosis, then the symptoms include:

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Severe fatigue
  • Fever
  • Muscle ache
  • Loss of appetite
  • skin rash

The rate of transmission is also influenced by the cause of strep throat. If it is caused by a viral infection, then you can pass it on until the fever subsides. If it’s caused by bacteria, then chances are you can transmit it up to 24 hours after taking antibiotics.

Also read: Fever can be a symptom of sore throat in children

How is Sore Throat Diagnosed?

Here are some things doctors do to diagnose strep throat:

Physical examination

If you have symptoms of strep throat, your doctor will examine your throat. The doctor will check for white or gray patches, swelling, and redness. The doctor may also examine the ears and nose. He or she will also examine your neck to check for swollen lymph nodes.

Thot culture or throat swab

This is a test your doctor can do if he thinks you have a sore throat caused by bacteria (strep throat). Examination is done by using a cotton swab to take a sample of secretions in the throat.

Using this test, your doctor can confirm within minutes whether you really are positive for streptococcal infection. However, in some cases swabit is sent to the laboratory for further examination, so the results cannot be known within 24 hours.

blood test

If your doctor suspects that your strep throat is caused by something else, then he or she may suggest that you have a blood test done. The blood sample will then be sent to a laboratory for further examination. This test can determine whether you are infected with the mononucleosis virus.

Sore Throat Medicine

There are several things you can do at home to relieve the symptoms of strep throat:

  • Drink lots of water to prevent dehydration
  • Eating hot food
  • Gargle with warm salt water (1 teaspoon salt per 236 milliliters of water)
  • Enough rest

To relieve pain and fever, you can take acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Both of these drugs can be purchased over the counter at pharmacies.

There are also natural sore throat remedies to relieve the symptoms. However, you should first consult with your doctor before taking natural sore throat remedies. This is necessary to prevent negative drug interactions.

Here are some natural sore throat remedies:

In some cases, medical treatment is needed to treat strep throat, especially if it is caused by bacteria. For this, the doctor will usually give antibiotics.

according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, amoxicillin and penicillin are the most common antibiotics for strep throat caused by bacteria. You must take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor to prevent recurrence or worsening of the infection. (UH)

Also read: When tonsillitis, can you drink ice?

Source:

Healthline. Pharyngitis. March 2019.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pharyngitis (Strep Throat). November 2018.

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