Know the Causes and How to Treat Children when Coughing

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Indonesia is entering the rainy season. During the day it can be very hot, but in the afternoon and evening it can rain very hard. This unpredictable weather often makes some people end up experiencing a number of health problems, including children.

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Problems That Often Attack Children in the Rainy Season

Children’s body resistance certainly will not be as strong as adults. This is why, children often experience problems with the respiratory system, such as coughing, during the rainy season. Cough itself is a symptom that is actually protective of the body. Coughing is the body’s natural attempt to expel mucus or foreign matter (dust, cigarette smoke, pollutants) from the lungs and open up blocked airflow.

If the child already has a cough, of course the activity will be disrupted. In fact, sleep also becomes restless. Not to mention when coughing, the child will experience a decrease in appetite to repeated vomiting due to discomfort in the throat.

Also read: Know the Signs and Symptoms of ISPA in Children Here!

Causes of Cough in Children

There are several factors that cause cough in children, including:

  • Flu

    The flu often triggers a coughing reaction as the body’s natural effort to expel mucus from the back of the throat.

  • Bacterial or viral infection

    Usually a cough caused by a bacterial or viral infection will be accompanied by shortness of breath and fever.

  • Asthma symptoms

    Characterized by cough symptoms that occur in the long term and accompanied by wheezing or shortness of breath. It usually occurs after the child has run around and gets worse at night.

  • Air or environmental factors

    Environmental factors, such as air pollution, cigarette smoke, or pet dander, can also cause a child to cough.

Also read: Factors that cause asthma in children and their symptoms

Be aware of other symptoms that arise when a child coughs

If the child has a cough accompanied by several other symptoms as below, then immediately consult a doctor or take the child to the nearest health unit to get help as soon as possible. Some of these symptoms include:

  • Difficulty breathing or breathing faster than usual.

  • Fever.

  • Pale or blue lips, tongue, or face.

  • Breath sounds after coughing.

  • The child looks limp, cranky, and uncomfortable.

  • Dehydration, which is characterized by dry mouth, dizziness, drowsiness, crying without tears, sunken eyes, and less urination.

  • Persistent cough with blood.

How to Prevent Cough in Children

Preventing children from getting cough is not an easy thing. However, there are several ways that can be done to reduce the risk of transmission of viruses and bacteria that cause coughs, such as:

  1. Make it a habit for children to wash their hands frequently to prevent the spread of the virus.

  2. Keep children away from polluted environments and cigarette smoke. Being passive smokers can make children face various health risks, such as coughs, asthma, allergies, colds, and others.

  3. Pay attention to the child’s vaccination schedule. Make sure your child doesn’t miss the diphtheria, pertussis/whooping cough, and tetanus (DPT) vaccinations. If absolutely necessary, ask the doctor to give your child a special flu vaccination.

  4. Limit consumption of packaged or fried snacks. Some types of packaged snacks contain ingredients that can trigger coughs. Likewise with fried food. The oil can cause the throat to become sensitive.

Treatment for Child Cough

Most cases of cough in children are self limiting Or it can heal on its own. However, to reduce the child’s discomfort due to the symptoms that arise, parents can do the following ways:

  1. Keep the child’s body in order to get adequate fluid intake. Give warm tea or warm lemon juice that has been mixed with honey to help prevent dehydration as well as overcome a dry throat. However, keep in mind, you should avoid giving honey to children less than one year old.

  2. If your child’s cough persists, inhale warm steam for about 20 minutes. Mums can also take children out of the house to breathe fresh air for 10-15 minutes.

  3. If your child’s cough is caused by asthma, ask your doctor about how to treat your child with asthma. Always have the asthma medication you need. Give medication according to the doctor’s instructions. Never give leftover antibiotics or those that have been taken by other family members.

  4. Give cough medicine that is safe for consumption by children under the supervision of a pediatrician.

Also read: Tips for Choosing the Right Pediatrician

Cough is a type of disease that can affect anyone, including children. Don’t let coughing interfere with your little one’s activities, Mums. (BAG/US)

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